Cambodia’s manufacturing industries are experiencing a shortage of skilled labour, especially at the high and mid-skill levels. In the three industrial sectors discussed here, most companies hire low-skilled and low-educated workers who do not have formal vocational skills development (VSD) qualifications. They believe that good quality, industry-specific VSD training would improve the performance of workers, but that the existing Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) programmes are of low quality and little relevance to their needs. Thus, they value previous work experience more in their hiring. They also offer in-house skills training to upskill and reskill their employees – usually conducted by supervisors and leaders who have practical skills and work experience, but rarely any formal qualifications. On the basis of these findings, this policy brief recommends improving the quality and relevance of TVET training programmes, by developing curricula in collaboration with different industrial sectors to suit their specific needs, and developing specific programmes for supervisors and team leaders. Finally, basic education and general skills training must be further expanded, to ensure there is a broad and solid educational foundation for industrial development.
The policy brief can be accessed through this link: zenodo.org.